Wine has always been present on our tables, whether at home or away, with family or friends, at a variety of events, for small or large celebrations, or during religious ceremonies. There are instances in which there is no obvious purpose. The most important component is quality, which is determined by a number of variables, including soil, grape variety, climate, and storage conditions.
Some winemakers have polished the winemaking process to the point where it blurs the distinction between science and art. France, Italy, and Spain are the world's most renowned wine-producing regions.
What Makes a Wine Expensive?
There are three primary characteristics of pricey wine: wood, time, and Cost. Certainly, similar characteristics can be found in inexpensive wines from growing wine regions.
Oak – The world's most prized wines are aged in oak, and many use new oak. Putting wine in an oak barrel has two effects: it imparts wood “flavours” (such as vanilla and baking spice) to the wine and exposes the wine to oxygen. Oxygen does incredible things to wine: tannins grow less strong and the flavour becomes softer.
Since oxygen permeates the barrels, around 2 per cent of the wine inside also evaporates each year. This evaporation is known as the “angel's share,” yet the outcome is that the wine in the barrel has a more concentrated flavour.
Time– “The Older, the better.” This is the presumption regarding wine, but it primarily applies to red wine. It is essential to grasp how time actually improves the flavour of some wines. Time alters the flavour of the wine's fruit notes and diminishes the wine's acidity and tannin. The fruit aromas of a well-aged wine trend toward dried fruits and cooked fruits; they are considerably more subdued.
As acidity and tannin are diminished, the wine becomes softer and more rounded. Reserva Rioja and Barbaresco are two outstanding examples of wines that taste even better after 10 years.
Cost– $1 annually for ageing The storage of the wines for years requires room and costs money. $5 or more per bottle in added expenses. As the terroir grows more particular and limited, the price typically increases by $5.
1945 Domaine De La Romanée-Conti
This is a legendary vineyard's vintage unicorn wine. The 4.5-acre Romanée-Conti vineyard produces seven outstanding red and white wines that reflect the height of quality in Burgundy. Extremely intense were the wines. A 73-year-old bottle of French Burgundy sold at auction for $558,000, making it the most expensive bottle of wine ever sold.
1992 Screaming Eagle Cabernet Sauvignon
In 2000, a bottle of “excellent” Screaming Eagle Cabernet Sauvignon 1992 garnered a staggering $500,000 at a charity auction. This purple-coloured wine is matured in 60% new wood and is opaque. It is bottled unfiltered and unrefined. It has a jammy blackcurrant aroma with a tinge of wood.
1945 Jeroboam Of Chateau Mouton – Rothschild
The ‘V' on the 1945 label signifies the victory of the Allies in World War II, and this vintage is largely regarded as one of the finest of the 20th century. A standard 750 ml bottle costs $310,700, whereas a glass of this wine costs $8,631. It contains mint, dry green moss, vanilla, and dry pine needles in the aroma, and raspberry and sweet dried cherries on the mouth.
1947 Cheval Blanc
Many believe that the 1947 Chateau Cheval Blanc is the finest Bordeaux ever produced. 1947 Chateau Cheval Blanc one Bottle cost $304,375. In 2012, the Classification of Saint-Emilion wine gave Chateau Cheval Blanc the ultra-exclusive Premier Grand Cru Classe (A) designation, making it one of the most prestigious wineries.
1907 Shipwrecked Heidsieck
The wine was thought to be lost when the ship carrying it sank in 1916, until 1997 when the wreckage was discovered. The fact that the ship was torpedoed by a German submarine during World War I drives up the price of the 2,000 bottles of vintage wine that were discovered. The Most Older Costs Around $275,000 a Bottle.
This wine had been stored at freezing temperatures and away from light for eighty years, unopened. Chris Hoel detected gunflint, black rifle powder, and something salty on the aroma, and graham cracker, flamed oranges, and burned lemon oil, among other flavours, on the tongue.
Although these wines may appear to have exorbitant price tags, the majority of them have comparable quality and intriguing backstories. Buying one of the most expensive wines is a wise investment if you can afford it for an extravagant meal or to resale for a profit.